Corbett National Park is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful parks in North & Central India. It is also India's first National Park. The Park was established in August 8, 1936, and named after the Governor of the United Provinces, Sir Malcolm Hailey, as Hailey National Park. In 1952, the Park's name was changed to Ramganga National Park. In 1957, the Park was renamed yet again, this time after Jim Corbett, the famed hunter-author-photographer-naturalist. Corbett National Park is also the venue from where Project Tiger was launched on April 1, 1973.
The Park is situated in the Himalayan foothills, amidst forested mountains that range from 400m (1,312ft) to 1,210m (3,970ft) in height. Through most of the Park flows the Ramganga River, on the banks of which lived a community in ancient times. It is believed that these people cleared away a tiny part of the forest, and made the area their home. Evidence in the form of terracotta figurines and ruined temples further corroborate the fact that the Ramganga valley was the home of an ancient civilization.
Sal, khair, ber, kuthber, bel, chbilla, dhak, semal, khingan, kharpat, rohini, bakli, pula, bamboo.
Mammals: Tiger, leopard, elephant, spotted deer, sambar, nilgai, hog deer, barking deer, sloth bear, wild boar, ghural, langur and rhesus monkey.
Birds: Peacock, pheasant, pigeon, owl, hornbill, barbet, lark, myna, magpie, minivet, patridge, thrush, tit, nuthatch, wagtail, sunbird, bunting, oriole, kingfisher, drongo, dove, woodpecker, duck, teal, eagle, stork, cormorant, falcon, bulbul, flycatcher, red start and gull.
Reptiles: Indian marsh crocodile or mugger, gharial, king cobra, common krait, cobra, Russels viper, python and monitor lizard.
1820 - The British take over the park area from local rulers of Kumaon region.
1850 - Till 1850, heavy deforestation by the British for timber.
1858 - First plans for preservation of forest areas surfaces.
1879 - The land is marked as a reservation.
1884 - Aged 8, Jim Corbett shoots his first leopard.
1910 - Jim Corbett heads shikar parties to track and kill two man-eaters.
1910 - Corbett gives up hunting as a sport, decides to shoot only to protect the natives from man-eaters.
1934 - The reservation is declared as a National Park. Corbett helps with its cartography.
1936 - Registered under the United Provinces National Parks Act and named the Hailey National Park.
1947 - India becomes independent.
1952 - The park is renamed as Ramganga National Park.
1955 - Jim Corbett passes away at Nyeri.
1957 - The park is renamed once again in the honor of Jim Corbett.
1973 - Chosen as the first tiger reserve in the country and "Project Tiger" is launched the following year.
2000 - The park becomes a part of the newly delineated state of Uttarakhand.
Air: Nearest airport is Pantnagar, 133 kms.
Rail: Nearest railhead is Ramnagar, 10 kms.