Corbett National Park is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful parks in North & Central India. It is also India's first National Park. The Park was established in August 8, 1936, and named after the Governor of the United Provinces, Sir Malcolm Hailey, as Hailey National Park. In 1952, the Park's name was changed to Ramganga National Park. In 1957, the Park was renamed yet again, this time after Jim Corbett, the famed hunter-author-photographer-naturalist. Corbett National Park is also the venue from where Project Tiger was launched on April 1, 1973.
The Park is situated in the Himalayan foothills, amidst forested mountains that range from 400m (1,312ft) to 1,210m (3,970ft) in height. Through most of the Park flows the Ramganga River, on the banks of which lived a community in ancient times. It is believed that these people cleared away a tiny part of the forest, and made the area their home. Evidence in the form of terracotta figurines and ruined temples further corroborate the fact that the Ramganga valley was the home of an ancient civilization.
Sal, khair, ber, kuthber, bel, chbilla, dhak, semal, khingan, kharpat, rohini, bakli, pula, bamboo.
Mammals: Tiger, leopard, elephant, spotted deer, sambar, nilgai, hog deer, barking deer, sloth bear, wild boar, ghural, langur and rhesus monkey.
Birds: Peacock, pheasant, pigeon, owl, hornbill, barbet, lark, myna, magpie, minivet, patridge, thrush, tit, nuthatch, wagtail, sunbird, bunting, oriole, kingfisher, drongo, dove, woodpecker, duck, teal, eagle, stork, cormorant, falcon, bulbul, flycatcher, red start and gull.
Reptiles: Indian marsh crocodile or mugger, gharial, king cobra, common krait, cobra, Russels viper, python and monitor lizard.
Corbett National Park - Timeline
1820 -The British take over the park area from local rulers of Kumaon region.
1850 -Till 1850, heavy deforestation by the British for timber.
1858 -First plans for preservation of forest areas surfaces.
1879 -The land is marked as a reservation.
1884 -Aged 8, Jim Corbett shoots his first leopard.
1910 -Jim Corbett heads shikar parties to track and kill two man-eaters.
1910 -Corbett gives up hunting as a sport, decides to shoot only to protect the natives from man-eaters.
1934 -The reservation is declared as a National Park. Corbett helps with its cartography.
1936 -Registered under the United Provinces National Parks Act and named the Hailey National Park.
1947 -India becomes independent.
1952 -The park is renamed as Ramganga National Park.
1955 -Jim Corbett passes away at Nyeri.
1957 -The park is renamed once again in the honor of Jim Corbett.
1973 -Chosen as the first tiger reserve in the country and "Project Tiger" is launched the following year.
2000 -The park becomes a part of the newly delineated state of Uttarakhand.
Air: Nearest airport is Pantnagar, 133 kms.
Rail: Nearest railhead is Ramnagar, 10 kms.
- Corbett Link Express departs from the Old Delhi Railway Station at 2245 hrs and arrives at Ramnagar at 0530 hrs. It is another 10 Kms by taxi to The Riverview Retreat. The train has one First Class coach and the rest are Second Sleeper Coaches.
- Kathgodam Express departs from the Old Delhi Railway Station at 2245 hrs, arriving at Kathgodam at 0715 hrs. It is another 70 Kms by taxi to The Riverview Retreat. The train has 02 Second A/C Coaches and rests are Second Sleeper Coaches.
Corbett Park Guidelines
- Walking or trekking inside the national park is strictly prohibited.
- Avoid perfumes and bright clothes, wear clothes of colour which merge with the natural surroundings.
- Carry a litter bag while entering the Tiger Reserve and bring back non-biodegradable litter.
- Do not make noises/talk loudly inside the forest.
- Do not smoke in the forest. Do not collect plants or pluck flowers.
- While taking photographs or shooting videos, do not disturb the wild animals. (For eg. use of flash guns)
- Shouting, teasing or chasing animals or attempts to feed them are prohibited.Respect local traditions, customs and religions.