The Jim Corbett National Park

Corbett National Park is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful parks in North & Central India. It is also India's first National Park. The Park was established in August 8, 1936, and named after the Governor of the United Provinces, Sir Malcolm Hailey, as Hailey National Park. In 1952, the Park's name was changed to Ramganga National Park. In 1957, the Park was renamed yet again, this time after Jim Corbett, the famed hunter-author-photographer-naturalist. Corbett National Park is also the venue from where Project Tiger was launched on April 1, 1973. 

The Park is situated in the Himalayan foothills, amidst forested mountains that range from 400m (1,312ft) to 1,210m (3,970ft) in height. Through most of the Park flows the Ramganga River, on the banks of which lived a community in ancient times. It is believed that these people cleared away a tiny part of the forest, and made the area their home. Evidence in the form of terracotta figurines and ruined temples further corroborate the fact that the Ramganga valley was the home of an ancient civilization.
 

Main Flora
Sal, khair, ber, kuthber, bel, chbilla, dhak, semal, khingan, kharpat, rohini, bakli, pula, bamboo.


Main Fauna

Mammals:
Tiger, leopard, elephant, spotted deer, sambar, nilgai, hog deer, barking deer, sloth bear, wild boar, ghural, langur and rhesus monkey.

Birds:
Peacock, pheasant, pigeon, owl, hornbill, barbet, lark, myna, magpie, minivet, patridge, thrush, tit, nuthatch, wagtail, sunbird, bunting, oriole, kingfisher, drongo, dove, woodpecker, duck, teal, eagle, stork, cormorant, falcon, bulbul, flycatcher, red start and gull.

Reptiles:
Indian marsh crocodile or mugger, gharial, king cobra, common krait, cobra, Russels viper, python and monitor lizard.

Do's and Don'ts in the Corbett National Park

  • Walking or trekking inside the national park is strictly prohibited.
  • Avoid perfumes and bright clothes, wear clothes of colour which merge with the natural surroundings.
  • Carry a litter bag while entering the Tiger Reserve and bring back non-biodegradable litter.
  • Do not make noises/talk loudly inside the forest.
  • Do not smoke in the forest. Do not collect plants or pluck flowers.
  • While taking photographs or shooting videos, do not disturb the wild animals. (For eg. use of flash guns)
  • Shouting, teasing or chasing animals or attempts to feed them are prohibited.
  • Respect local traditions, customs and religions.